- Questions about Holy Spirit the Person
- How important is Holy Spirit?
- The name ‘Holy Spirit’ in Old Testament
- Who’s who In Old Testament and Holy Spirit
- Difference in Old and New Testament
- Promises in the Old Testament fulfilled in the New Testament
- Holy Spirit, the Person
- Holy Spirit has a name
- Jesus and the Holy Spirit
- What Jesus says about Holy Spirit
- New Testament believers and the Holy Spirit
- Holy Spirit and us
- What Holy Spirit does
- Life through Holy Spirit
- What else is Holy Spirit called?
Born of a virgin
Jesus Christ was born of a virgin when Holy Spirit came upon her. Holy Spirit was from the beginning part of Jesus’ life.
Luke 1:26–36 (ESV) – In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary. And he came to her and said, “Greetings, O favored one, the Lord is with you!” But she was greatly troubled at the saying, and tried to discern what sort of greeting this might be. And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.” And Mary said to the angel, “How will this be, since I am a virgin?” And the angel answered her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy—the Son of God. And behold, your relative Elizabeth in her old age has also conceived a son, and this is the sixth month with her who was called barren.
Isaiah prophesied about the coming Messiah and that He would be anointed by Holy Spirit to do the will of Father and to bring salvation to all.
Isaiah 11:1-2 (ESV) – There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit. And the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.)
Jesus received the fullness of the gift of Holy Spirit and we read in Isaiah of the sevenfold anointing:
- Spirit of the Lord
- Spirit of wisdom
- Spirit of understanding
- Spirit of counsel
- Spirit of might
- Spirit of knowledge
- Spirit of Fear of Lord
Holy Spirit is the Counsellor in all the plans God has for us and He gives us the power and might to execute these plans. He leads us for example:
- Philip was lead to the man from Ethiopia (Acts 8:29)
- Paul was prevented in going to Asia (Acts 16:6-7)
- Disciples were called as witnesses to Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria and nations (Acts 1:8)
Holy Spirit gives us the knowledge about God and the fear (as in awe not as in scared) of the Lord is seen in our obedience to Him.
Affirmed Isaiah 61
Jesus affirmed Holy Spirit’s work in His life by quoting Isaiah 61:1-3
Luke 4:16–21 (ESV) – And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. And as was his custom, he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and he stood up to read. And the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.” And he rolled up the scroll and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him. And he began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”
Isaiah 61:1–3 (ESV) – The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the broken hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound; to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn; to grant to those who mourn in Zion— to give them a beautiful headdress instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, the garment of praise instead of a faint spirit; that they may be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he may be glorified.
Holy Spirit names associated with Jesus
Holy Spirit was called:
- Spirit of Jesus
- Spirit of Christ
- Spirit of Jesus Christ
- Spirit of God’s Son
Spirit of Jesus
Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Jesus. Only place in New Testament that Spirit is called the Spirit of Jesus.
Holy Spirit prevented Paul to go and preach the word in the province of Asia. The Spirit Jesus prevented them again from going into that province. Later Paul was called to Macedonia.
Acts 16:6–8 (NLT) – Next Paul and Silas traveled through the area of Phrygia and Galatia, because the Holy Spirit had prevented them from preaching the word in the province of Asia at that time. Then coming to the borders of Mysia, they headed north for the province of Bithynia,* but again the Spirit of Jesus did not allow them to go there. So instead, they went on through Mysia to the seaport of Troas.
Spirit of Christ
Holy Spirit is Spirit of Christ. The working of Holy Spirit is to reveal Jesus to us as a living presence. Christ lives in our hearts.
Romans 8:9–11 (NLT) – But you are not controlled by your sinful nature. You are controlled by the Spirit if you have the Spirit of God living in you. (And remember that those who do not have the Spirit of Christ living in them do not belong to him at all.) And Christ lives within you, so even though your body will die because of sin, the Spirit gives you life* because you have been made right with God. The Spirit of God, who raised Jesus from the dead, lives in you. And just as God raised Christ Jesus from the dead, he will give life to your mortal bodies by this same Spirit living within you.
1 Peter 1:11 (NLT)- They wondered what time or situation the Spirit of Christ within them was talking about when he told them in advance about Christ’s suffering and his great glory afterward.
Spirit of Jesus Christ
Holy Spirit is Spirit of the Word that became flesh. Jesus has been glorified; He is sitting at the right hand of God. Holy Spirit is Spirit of Jesus Christ.
Philippians 1:19 (NLT)- For I know that as you pray for me and the Spirit of Jesus Christ helps me, this will lead to my deliverance.
Spirit of God’s Son
Galatians 4 tells us that the early church associated Holy Spirit very closely with Jesus Christ.
Galatians 4:6 (NLT) – And because we are his children, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, prompting us to call out, “Abba, Father.”
Holy Spirit always reminds us of Jesus Christ and He glorifies Christ and equips us to proclaim Christ. He lives with the followers of Jesus Christ.
We are children of God. When we receive Holy Spirit we are no more captives and think of God our Father with joy and freedom.
Roman 8:15 tells us that we have received the Spirit of adoption and God is our Father.
Romans 8:15 (ESV) – For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!”
Holy Spirit not Jesus
One great difference between Jesus and Holy Spirit is that the Holy Spirit teaches us about Jesus and reminds us of the teachings of Jesus Christ. Holy Spirit is not Jesus Christ.
John 14:26 (ESV)- But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.
He does not take people away from Jesus but reminds us of Jesus:
- At Pentecost Holy Spirit guided Peter to preach about Jesus Christ Acts 2:22)
- New Testament refers to the Spirit as the Spirit of Jesus, Spirit of Christ, and Spirit of his Son and the Spirit of Jesus Christ.
- Faithfulness to Jesus Christ is the test if Holy Spirit is at work in someone.
Holy Spirit part of resurrection
Resurrection of Jesus Christ is the work of God; Father, Son and Spirit.
Jesus predicts his death
Mark 8:31 (NIV)- He then began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and after three days rise again.
1 Peter 3:17-18 (NIV) – For it is better, if it is God’s will, to suffer for doing good than for doing evil. For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive in the Spirit.
1 Timothy 3:16 (NLT) – Without question, this is the great mystery of our faith: Christ was revealed in a human body and vindicated by the Spirit. He was seen by angels and announced to the nations. He was believed in throughout the world and taken to heaven in glory.
Acts 2:24 (NIV) – But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him.
Holy Spirit and followers of Jesus
Jesus promises the Holy Spirit
Jesus promised that the Holy Spirit would come to teach the whole truth and enable the believers to understand it. These promises were fulfilled on the day of Pentecost. Before Pentecost the disciples did not always understand the deeper truths of what Jesus taught them. When Jesus was crucified and resurrected they were bewildered. After the Holy Spirit at Pentecost their lives changed drastically. They remembered the teaching of Jesus and also had a deeper understanding of the Word of God.
John 16:12–14 (ESV) – “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. 14 He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you.
Understanding comes through the revelation of the Holy Spirit.
John 7:38-39 (ESV) – Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.’ ” Now this he said about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were to receive, for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.
Jesus’s followers received Holy Spirit
The followers of Jesus Christ received Holy Spirit.
John 20:21–22 (ESV) – Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I am sending you.” And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.
What did Jesus Christ have to say about Holy Spirit?